Dry skin is a common problem that can occur not only on the legs or feet, but also on the face. Depending on the severity, dry skin on the face may cause roughness and a slight feeling of tightness. Extremely dry skin, on the other hand, is characterized by an extreme feeling of tightness, flaking and severe itching.
Whether you are prone to dry skin also depends on your skin type. For example, people with normal or combination skin struggle with dryness symptoms more often than those whose facial skin is more oily. For the latter, signs of dry skin usually occur due to too frequent washing or an overly aggressive daily skincare routine. If, on the other hand, it is a matter of dry patches on the cheeks in combination with an oily T-zone (combination skin) or a feeling of tension under the eyes or on the eyelids, this can have various causes. In the following, we explain the respective causes and show you how you can counteract dry facial skin with optimal care.
There are many reasons for extremely dry skin on the face. Skin diseases such as psoriasis and neurodermatitis can lead to an altered skin appearance. (Here you can find more information on dry facial skin due to skin diseases such as neurodermatitis and psoriasis). But dryness of the face can also occur alongside these skin diseases.
Basically, dry skin always occurs when a lack of skin’s own lipids causes moisture in the skin to evaporate more. This lack of skin-own moisturizing factors leads to an increased transepidermal water loss and thus causes the upper skin layer to dry out. The effect is intensified by a disturbed skin barrier as a result of reduced lipid formation, which significantly increases moisture loss. Dry skin is the result.
In general, it should be noted that the facial skin is much more sensitive and thinner than other skin areas of the body. At the same time, considering that the face is one of the only areas of the body that remains uncovered and under the influence of the sun, dirt and other factors throughout all seasons, the facial skin has to do an incredible job for us every day. This performance can be affected by internal and external influences.
In the colder months, we expose our facial skin to both cold outdoor temperatures and dry heating air. These ultimately cause the skin to dry out. (You can learn more about proper skin care for dry skin in winter here). However, inappropriate daily facial care can also lead to increased dryness on the face. Frequent washing, aggressive skin care products and long, hot baths or showers strip the oils from the skin’s protective film, causing facial skin to dry out. Excessive sun exposure can also have a negative effect on facial skin. It is therefore advisable to use a day cream with a sun protection factor (SPF) and, in the case of sunscreen, to ensure that it also contains moisture-binding active ingredients in addition to the appropriate SPF.
In order for our skin to protect us from external influences, certain basic conditions must be met. However, these can vary from person to person. For example, each person has a unique gene set that determines skin characteristics such as pigmentation, moisture and lipid content. This means that different people’s skin will contain different amounts of moisture and lipids under identical conditions. In this regard, lighter skin types are more prone to dry skin than darker skin types.
However, the most common internal factors that can be the cause of dry skin on the face are hormones, diet, a person’s age and psyche. When hormone levels change during adolescence or menopause, for example, this can also affect the moisture balance in the skin. During menopause, estrogen levels drop and dry skin can become even drier. Age therefore also plays a role when it comes to dry skin on the face. With age, the skin gradually loses the ability to produce sweat and lipids as the sebaceous and sweat glands work more slowly. Therefore, the older you get, the more your skin tends to become dry and lose its tone and elasticity. A lack of nutrients through diet can also lead to dry skin on the face. Therefore, you should always make sure to consume enough nutrients, unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins. Factors such as stress and your own well-being can also be reasons for dry skin on the face. It is not for nothing that people say, for example, “it gets under my skin” or “the skin is a mirror of the soul”, because the skin can actually reflect feelings and thus make them visible to the outside. If we are in a bad psychological state, this can be reflected in skin changes such as dry facial skin.
Around the eyes, the skin is even thinner compared to the rest of the face. Because there are also fewer lipid-donating sebaceous glands in this area of the skin, the moisture depot there can decrease more quickly. In addition, the skin area is heavily stressed by UV rays, environmental influences and facial expressions when laughing or blinking and requires special care. As with dehydrated skin and dry skin in general, you can restore moisture to the dry eye area with the right care.
If the care does not contain any moisturizing factors, the deeper layers of the facial skin also dry out again quickly and the moisture balance is disturbed. The moisture can therefore also no longer be sufficiently bound and transported to the upper layers. The result: the skin continues to dry out. For this reason, dry skin on the face needs coordinated care to replenish the lost moisture and to protect it from further moisture loss. The high-quality care formulas of numis® med UREA ensure optimal moisturization of the skin, support the regeneration of the disturbed skin protective barrier and help extremely dry skin to restore its protective function.